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What Is Gynecomastia?

Abnormal breast enlargement in men is called gynecomastia. It is a benign condition but disturbs people in terms of its appearance. It can be encountered at any age from infancy. It is commonly seen especially in adolescence. It is known that gynecomastia is seen in one of every three men but not all of them apply for a treatment.


What Are the Causes of Gynecomastia?

Hormonal imbalances underline gynecomastia. The increase of oestrogen hormone and the decrease of testosterone hormone in the body result in gynecomastia. This hormone imbalance may have various reasons. If gynecomastia has been present for a long time, it does not disappear by itself. In this case, it is the best option to search for gynecomastia cost and start treatment period. It can be treated with medical or surgical intervention. The drugs are one of the reasons of hormone imbalance. Gynecomastia cases that are seen in neonatal period is caused by the hormones transmitted from the mother. It recovers by itself in a few months. Gynecomastia in adolescence period also recovers by itself after a while. However, the cases in adults are permanent. Moreover, drug  addiction, alcohol consumption, supplementary herbal drugs and some chemicals can cause hormonal imbalance leading to gynecomastia.

Who Are at the Risk of Gynecomastia?

All the men are at the risk of gynecomastia. Especially those who are using the drugs that can cause hormone disorders are at higher risk. Overweight people are also likely to have gynecomastia. Alcohol and drug addicts are at high risk, too.

What are the Symptoms of Gynecomastia?

The most important symptom is the abnormal breast enlargement in men. It usually happens bilateral but can rarely be seen lateral. It is a very uncomfortable situation for men. The severity of the discomfort varies depending on the level of gynecomastia.

How Is Gynecomastia Diagnosed?

Gynecomastia is diagnosed by physical examination. Some hormone tests may be requested to support the diagnosis. However, when it is diagnosed with imaging methods, it is usually diagnosed correctly.



What Are Treatment Options in Gynecomastia?

There are two options for treatment. One of them is medical treatment while the other is surgical intervention. If adults experience gynecomastia for a long time, it would be a mistake to expect it to disappear by itself. A treatment option must be determined and applied. Gyncomastia costs vary depending on the treatment option to be applied.

Gynecomastia Surgery

Surgery is the most definitive solution for gynecomastia that occurs due to various reasons. It is based on the removal of excess fat tissue. After the surgery, it is recommended to wear compression garment.

After Gynecomastia Surgery

It is not expected to encounter any problem as long as the necessary precautions are followed after the surgery. It is important to use compression garment in this period. You may feel pain for the first few days, but then it decreases and disappears.

Compression Garment for Gynecomastia

Patients are recommended to use compression garment after the surgery. It will be sufficient to use this garment continuously for three weeks and then only during the daytime for six weeks.

Treatment Methods for Gynecomastia

Various techniques are available in gynecomastia surgery and it is decided according to the size and consistency of breasts. The most common method is to remove the fats in small but mostly fat-content breasts by liposuction. Since there is no need for an incision, it does not leave any scar and recovery period is quite short. If the breast is small and mostly contains milk glands, as the milk glands cannot be removed by liposuction, these tissues are removed from a small incision which we call pull-through procedure. If the breasts are large, then classical gynecomastia surgery is performed and the tissues are removed by entering through nipple.

What are the Causes of Gynecomastia?

The main cause of gynecomastia is hormonal disorders. Testosterone is the predominant hormone in men. If it loses its dominance and oestrogen level rises in the body, this can result in gynecomastia. It is commonly encountered in neonatal and adolescence periods. However, gynecomastia cases that occur during these periods are temporary. It is usually not necessary to intervene. However, gynecomastia cases in adulthood must definitely be treated.

Does Gynecomastia Disappear Without Surgery?

In order to answer this question, the patient must be evaluated by a specialist physician. No treatment is applied for gynecomastia cases in neonatal and adolescence periods. It is expected to disappear by itself. However, for the gynecomastia cases in adulthood, it is first necessary to make investigation to determine the underlying reason. It is important to eliminate this unfavourable factor. Some patients may benefit from medical treatment. Therefore, gynecomastia costs vary from person to person.

How Can You Understand Gynecomastia?

Abnormal breast enlargement in men indicates gynecomastia. Breasts’ enlargement in fat tissue rather than muscle tissue can be distinctive to notice gynecomastia. If it has continued for a while and has not disappeared despite waiting, treatment is required. Such symptoms as pain and tenderness may also occur.

Does Gynecomastia Progress?

Progression is an expected situation in gynecomastia cases. If the underlying reason is not eliminated, progression becomes inevitable. For this reason, medications, presence of any chronic disease, alcohol or drug addiction must be questioned in detail for the people applying for surgery. Steroid use is also an important risk factor. If it is continued to be used, there will always be risk of progression.

What is Pseudogynecomastia?

If there is no breast tissue and only fat accumulation is present in the breasts of men, it is called pseudogynecomastia. That, it is commonly seen in men. It is frequently encountered in overweight and inactive individuals.

What Happens If Gynecomastia Is Not Treated?

When gynecomastia is not treated, it creates physical discomfort in people. They constantly feel like that they need to hide it.  They have trouble in choosing clothes and this situation can result in social isolation. It is the best option to search for gynecomastia costs and then start treatment process.